Neurosurgery means the surgery of the nervous system. It currently stands for the brain, spinal cord, and nerve surgery. It deals with the disorders, diseases, diagnoses, and their appropriate treatments relating to the brain, nerves, and spinal cord.
The nervous system is a complex network which is constituted by several parts working together. It comprises two parts, the central and peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system consists of parts such as the somatic and autonomous nervous system.
It deals with the disorders and diseases which are resulted from a disorder, change or a congenital anomaly, diagnoses of these diseases and their treatments. Changes in this system produce symptoms such as pain, loss of movement and sense, visual, comprehension, and hearing impairment, speech impediment, change in sense of smell, involuntary movements, epileptic seizures, and change in behaviour. As well as the mass formations developed in the brain and lead to headache, among the reasons which increase the intracranial pressure; acute intracerebral and extracerebral haemorrhages are conditions which need to be handled seriously.
Midline anomalies (meningocele, meningomyelocele) accompanied by hydrocephalus which can congenitally exist or develop later are curable diseases. Arterial aneurysm, arteriovenous malformations, and arteriovenous fistula in these systems are treatable diseases. These diseases can manifest themselves not only with headache, but also with changes in consciousness, movement disorder and epileptic seizures. However, not every epileptic seizure, movement disorder, headache, change in senses and behaviour may not be caused by a reason which requires surgical treatment. For example, trigeminal neuralgia can be treated with medication. Migraine and tension-type headaches are also disorders which require medical treatment and follow-ups.
They can result from a movement disorder, sensory impairment, and pain can also be caused by disorders relating to the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Some of these disorders which have to be thoroughly researched and established a definitive diagnosis may be bone or connective tissue diseases which affects the spine (such as spinal disc, and cervical disc herniation, vertebral slippage, spinal stenosis), while they can be caused by a cyst or syringomyelia. Pain, numbness, and weakness in upper and lower extremities can develop as a result of peripheral nerve compression.
The approach to these problems begins with good and clear communication with patients, proceeds with the examination and necessary research methods, and, if the suitable treatment options are offered and considered after obtaining the patient’s consent, a favourable outcome can be ensured.
In conclusion, gaining your health by presenting to health institutions and relying on your physician is the most suitable solution for you.